Nail fungus is also scientifically known as Onychomycosis is the fungal infection on nails. Fungus of any kind is caused due to exposure to virus prone environment. Nail fungus is caused by various types of pathogens including dermatophytes which are actually the most common cause of nail fungus in western countries. In Germany, Nail fungus medications are called nagelpilz medikamente – useful if you’re stuck with the condition when visiting any german city.
When a person is affected by nail fungus, that nail turns thick and crispy and turns into yellow or green depending on the condition. With the acceleration of the infection, the nail often breaks leaving behind the sensitive skin underlying exposing it to the inflammable environment without any protection leading to further infection or pain inviting causes. If not treated at earliest, the exposed skin will produce yellow patches and foul smelling odor. The leading cause of nail fungus is aging followed by exposure to the extremely humid environment and wearing sleeves and shoes that restrict the skin to breathe and perspire.
The diagnosis of nail fungus follows a complicated way through the laboratory to prevent misdiagnosis of it with confusion to similar diseases like psoriasis and yellow nail syndrome. Often nail fungus is confused with nail deformity and further proceeding with treatment cause unnecessary costs, time and waste of medicines with adding side effects from it. Thus it’s very important to fully confirm all symptoms of nail fungus by proper diagnosis methods before proceeding.
Nail fungus can be treated in a variety of ways, and the most common and preferred method is oral anti fungal medications. Oral medications include chemicals like terbinafine, itraconazole, and fluconazole. These chemicals prepare the glands to release hormones to kill dead and infected cells and produce new nails. If oral medications fail to be effective, topical medications are given for a long time, and daily usage of them are recommended.
Common topical agents include the ciclopirox nail plant, amorolfine, or efinaconazole. If these medications fails, the last but traditional method of directly removing and cutting off the effected nails and put herbal powders on the unprotective skin for a long time is applied. This method claims to be 100% effective but the time consumption is often too long and unbearable by some.
Nail fungus is most commonly found on feet nails rather on hands because of more exposure of legs, and it’s stagnant position and closeness to the ground. The pathogens enter the body through skin cuts or gaps present in between the nail and nail bed. After entering, the fungi start to grow since it gains a favorable condition for warmth and protection from sunlight.
Then it takes the form of the silent killer to breed and grow killing living cells of the body and damaging the nails. Nail fungus is statistically more found in people with diabetic conditions and immune breaking diseases like Aids and leukemia. Nail fungus is a serious disease, and it can be prevented by various hygienic methods like keeping nails dry, clean and cut. Wearing clothes and socks made of cotton or with enough pores for the skin to breath, refraining from biting off nails by teeth, use of less nail polish, etc. These hygienic habits reduce the chances of nail fungus to almost zero, and as we know, prevention is always better than cure!